Study Notes >> Revision Questions >> Neurological (Preview)
Revision Questions: Neurological (Preview)
- Briefly describe and classify the types of epileptic seizures.
- What is the mechanism of action of carbamazepine?
- Monitoring is not required for carbamazepine. True/False
- What is the first line treatment for generalised, tonic-clonic seizures?
- What are the contraindications of sodium valproate?
- Epileptic seizures can be classified as:
- Partial seizures: seizures that begin at one hemisphere of the brain (localised). These are sub-classified as simple partial and complex partial seizures. Simple partial seizures have motor and sensory symptoms. Complex partial seizures have the same symptoms with the addition of impaired consciousness.
- Generalised seizures: seizures that may involve the activity of both hemispheres of the brain and does not begin locally. These types of seizures are sub-classified into:
- Absence seizures
- Tonic clonic
- Infantile spasms
- Carbamazepine is thought to prevent neuron discharges by blocking voltage gated sodium channels.
- Sodium valproate, carbamazepine
- Contraindications for sodium valproate include hypersensitivity, severe liver dysfunction, pancreatic dysfunction, porphyria and urea cycle disorders.
The full version has many more questions with answers included.